Glaucoma Specialist Bridgeport, WV

Glaucoma Specialist in Bridgeport, WV

Understanding Glaucoma

Chart Showing How Glaucoma Affects the Eye from our glaucoma specialist in Bridgeport, WV

Read below for a better understanding of how glaucoma affects your eyesight. Also, modern treatments are available to help you save it. At Regional Eye Associates we are a Glaucoma Specialist clinic in Bridgeport, WV.

Silent Thief of Sight

Glaucoma is a dangerous disease of the eye that can slowly and painlessly steal your sight. It is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States. Often called the ‘silent thief of sight‘ because there are no symptoms.

Over half of the people in the United States who suffer from glaucoma are not aware that they are going blind. Although the cause of glaucoma is still unknown. There are several known risk factors that may increase your risk of developing the disease. These risk factors include not only a family history of the disease but also high eye pressure, also known as intraocular pressure or IOP. Also, being African American, Hispanic, and older age can be a risk factor. The disease has no early symptoms. Therefore, anyone with any of these risk factors should schedule eye exams on a regular basis. For the purpose of diagnosing and treating glaucoma before vision loss occurs.

Glaucoma Damages the Vision

Often associated with pressure buildup in the eye. Glaucoma can damage vision by destroying the optic nerve. Which is the nerve that connects your eye to your brain and carries all visual information to your brain for processing. Glaucoma will cause the loss of peripheral or side vision first. With people suffering from the disease. If the disease continues untreated. Vision loss will move towards the center of the eye. Firstly, it will cause tunnel vision and eventually blindness. Although the cause for this nerve damage is unknown. The high IOP associated with glaucoma is likely to play a major role.

IOP is a measurement of the fluid pressure inside of the eye. Ideally, the eye is filled with a clear fluid that is drained through a spigot. However, with glaucoma, the drain gets plugged and the fluid in the eye can no longer exit. Which causes a rise in IOP. Although, some cases of glaucoma do not suffer high IOP. Careful examination of the optic nerve and potential damage is crucial. In this case, a Visual Field test should be performed by our glaucoma specialist in Bridgeport, WV. The visual field test can help determine if you’ve begun to lose eyesight.


Treatment of Glaucoma 

Glaucoma Specialist in Bridgeport, WV

Fortunately, treatments are available to save the vision of those suffering from glaucoma. Reducing IOP is the goal of glaucoma treatments. Moreover, it saves the eye from nerve damage. Modern treatments include eye drops, laser therapy, and surgery.


Eye drop medications not only reduce the amount of fluid that enters the eye but also increase the amount of fluid that exits. Both are used to reduce IOL. Several medications are available for glaucoma. They can differ in their ability to lower IOP. Which may also have side effects. Doctors often turn to laser therapy. When medications fail to lower IOP, it cannot be tolerated by the patient. Advances in laser therapy have made these tools safe and effective. Thus, laser therapy may be considered instead of medication. If all of these methods fail to bring IOP down to a safe level. Surgery to lower IOP is available. You should work to develop a safe and effective treatment plan with your doctor.

Glaucoma Treatment Options

Treatment for glaucoma focuses on preserving eyesight by slowing the damage to the optic nerve. Most treatment aims to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. By lowering the pressure in the eyes. As a rule, damage caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed. To prevent or retard further damage from occurring. Eye drops, pills, lasers, and surgical operations are used. We also take pride in offering a variety of treatment options dependent on your needs. Regional Eye Associates is a professional and experienced eye clinic.

Narrow-angle glaucoma can be treated with a laser iridotomy. A small hole is made in the iris by using a laser to create a new pathway for the aqueous fluid to drain from the eye. The new drainage hole allows the iris to fall back to its normal position. Thus, restoring the balance between fluid entering and leaving the eye and lowering eye pressure.

Open-angle glaucoma can be treated with laser trabeculoplasty. This procedure works by using laser light to stimulate the body’s own healing response to lower your eye pressure. Laser trabeculoplasty improves the flow of fluid in the eye. Which, in turn, lowers your eye pressure.

Ex-PRESS Mini Shunt

A recent surgical advancement in the treatment of glaucoma is the Ex-PRESS Mini Shunt Glaucoma Filtration Device. It is a small stainless steel unit. Which is similar in size to a grain of rice. And, is typically used after medical and other surgical treatments have failed.

The Ex-Press is implanted between the inner region and the outer region of the eye. Which allows for a more controlled and consistent drainage of the aqueous humor or fluid inside the eye. Thus, lowering the intraocular pressure of the eye to a healthy level.

Often glaucoma medication is not needed following recovery from the procedure.

Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT)

 Our Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a laser that treats the drain directly. Which helps increase the outflow of fluid. Moreover it treats specific cells “selectively,” leaving the trabecular meshwork intact. For this reason, the SLT may be safely repeated. It is not painful and often can be an alternative to eye drops in early open-angle glaucoma.

Glaucoma treatments and surgeries will help improve the patient’s vision. More importantly, the purpose of these lasers is to help lower eye pressure and prevent vision loss. If glaucoma progresses despite medications or laser therapy. Then, other more involved surgery procedures, such as a trabeculectomy or tube shunt placement, may be necessary. Only to control or lower the pressure and prevent vision loss.

*As with any surgical procedure, there are risks along with benefits. Moreover, it is important to discuss your surgical procedure with your surgeon. For the purpose of fully understanding the risks and benefits.

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