Ectropion is an eyelid dysfunction that occurs when the lower eyelid turns outward and no longer protects your eye the way it should. Consequently, the eye can become exposed, red, and irritated. Ectropion can affect one or both of the lower eyelids.
Artificial tears and lubricating ointments can be used to moisten the cornea to prevent dryness of the cornea. When ectropion is caused by stretching of the eyelid’s supporting structures, surgery is the best treatment to repair the involved muscle and tendons of the eyelid. Depending on the cause of ectropion, surgery can be done to reposition the eyelid back to its normal position against the eye.
Entropion is an eyelid dysfunction that occurs when the lower eyelid and eyelashes turn inward towards the eye causing the eyelid and lashes to rub against the cornea and conjunctiva. This can cause scarring and recurrent infections in your eye that can ultimately lead to severe of the eye.
Several surgical procedures may be performed to tighten the eyelid and eyelid attachments thus restoring some of its elasticity and repositioning it normally. Alternatively, tape or sutures can be used to reposition the eyelid and protect the eye temporarily. Lubricating drops and ointments are also helpful. Medications may also be used to control eyelid inflammation or irritation and to treat scars.
*As with any surgical procedure there are risks along with benefits. It is important to discuss your surgical procedure with your surgeon to fully understand the risks and benefits.